About Hessonite Garnet - History and Introduction
is a gem quality variety of (grossular) garnet, the calcium-aluminum silicate member of the . While most varieties of grossularite are green, hessonite is known for its characteristic honey-yellow to brown-red "cinnamon" color, though it can occur in other colors as well. It is referred to as the "" or the "kaneel stone" in reference to its distinct color. Other types of grossular garnets include the more common green grossularite, , the rare hydrogrossular garnet and the rare leuco garnet (colorless).Hessonite is an extremely important stone in and like other garnets, it may also be worn as one of the for the month of . For many years, gems that were thought to be were discovered to be hessonite. The name, "hessonite", was derived from the Greek word "hesson", meaning "inferior" - in reference to the fact that hessonite has a density and hardness lower than that of most other forms of garnet.